The “s” of “science” is ignored in pursuit of the “3 R’s” (eg, “reading, writing, and “arithmetic”) as the foundation of early childhood education curriculum. However, science is invaluable in education, especially in Daycare and preschool. Science is more than just learning chemical equations and memorizing the bones of the body. It can also lay the foundation for a deeper understanding of the world and other topics.
How young children learn
Preschoolers learn best from experience, not from lectures. Early childhood education experts agree that a hands-on approach to learning is more effective at this age. Children are still developing their language skills and are often unable to connect words to concepts unless they are actually shown.Instead of being told what they should show something, even better, allows Do itself. By allowing them to have sensory input while receiving verbal instructions, young children can connect things in their own way.
science is everywhere
Adults forget that children start with a blank slate. For them, the world is a giant science laboratory, where everything is a new experience. Every experience they have is an opportunity for them to learn a new concept. By growing lima beans in a cup, children can understand multiple things at the same time. They learned that growth requires light, air, and water, which shows how things relate to their environment. Things take days to grow, show the passage of time, count and measure, and encourage patience. By providing feedback, children learn to verbalize their thoughts, describe events and compare them to others.
repetition and learning
They need multiple conversations with preschoolers to understand a concept. Science expresses the same concept in a number of ways, neatly fitting into this fact. Children love repetition because repetition is reinforcement. Every time a child hears the same story or repeats the same experience, they learn something new. For example, a week-long program on light and color might start with putting food dye into items and end with mixing paint colors. Children may think the first lesson is “magic,” but by the last lesson, they can usually predict what will happen.
How to integrate science
There are many ways to incorporate science into an otherwise boring curriculum, especially in early childhood. Preschoolers love being involved and they learn better this way. For example, in a math class on measurement, children can learn to measure different substances (rice, sand, water). They will see that although they all take up the same amount of space, they have different physical properties and properties. On the other hand, in an ongoing course on growth and change, children can discuss and document the various changes their caterpillars are going through, combining oral, written, and scientific domains.
Make science accessible
Incorporating science and discovery into a preschool or daycare program is easy and inexpensive. With a little planning and supplies, lessons can be turned into rich sensory experiences. Sand, beans, rice, food dye, magnifying glasses, plastic cups, potting soil, flashlights, rope, building blocks, etc. can be hoarded cheaply or through parental donations. Virtually anything can be used as a tool for a science experiment or course presentation. By being allowed to do new things and experience the results of their actions, children develop rich mental representations of nonverbal concepts.
Science is all around us, and preschoolers want to explore it. By engaging their attention and including their senses, children can get more out of their lessons in fields other than science. A comprehensive early childhood development curriculum will highlight science and exploration, ensuring faster, more well-rounded learning.